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Wednesday, July 10, 2013

India : Dengue-like disease hits Bangalore

Article from Deccan Herald :

" A mysterious, dengue-like disease is spreading in Bangalore. The still unidentified ailment is affecting many children, triggering a sharp fall in blood platelet count, multiple organ failure, and eventual death.

At least five deaths have been reported from a prominent city hospital alone with more feared in other medical set-ups, both private and government.  

Based on the symptoms — high fever, vomiting and low platelet count—many doctors have dubbed it “dengue shock syndrome,” a serious form of dengue. But they are not so sure, and want the government laboratories to label the disease. Clearly, the testing has to be comprehensive and immediate.

Doctors are more worried because patients are mostly children and adolescents. Dr Preeti Galgali, a consultant paediatrician and central executive board member for the Indian Academy of Paediatricians, told Deccan Herald: “There are three types of dengue—the dengue fever, the haemorrhagic dengue and the dengue shock. The first one is the most common one and the latter two the serious forms.”

The serious ones could eventually lead to death. “In these forms, there is leakage of blood from capillaries due to which there is fall in blood pressure. And when the blood pressure goes so low that it cannot sustain life, the body collapses,” explained Dr Galgali.

Manipal Hospitals director Sudarshan Ballal said: “While it is for the government agencies to decide whether it is dengue, the symptoms that we are seeing are that of dengue shock syndrome. The blood platelet count of the patient goes down drastically and leads to circulatory collapse. One by one all the organs stop functioning and this eventually leads to death of the patient.

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