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Tuesday, September 13, 2011

Hong Kong : Suspected case of scarlet fever requiring ICU admission

Press release from Hong Kong's Centre for Health Protection :

" The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health is investigating a suspected case of scarlet fever affecting a 4-year-old boy. The boy presented with sore throat, fever, chills and rash on September 7.

He was admitted to Prince of Wales Hospital the next day. He was noted to have low blood pressure and once required admission to the Intensive Care Unit for observation. The child is in stable condition. His clinical diagnosis was scarlet fever. Results of throat swab and blood culture are pending.

The CHP's investigation revealed that the patient has no recent travel history. His home contacts are asymptomatic. Investigation continues. A CHP spokesman explained that scarlet fever is caused by Group A Streptococcus bacteria and can be cured by appropriate antibiotics. The disease usually affects children between two to eight years of age and presents as fever, sore throat and rash. T

he rash appears over the trunk and neck and spreads to the limbs especially the armpits, elbows and groin. The illness is usually clinically mild but can be complicated by shock, heart and kidney diseases. "

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